Autism ID bracelets and other autism awareness jewelry to personalize with medical information, emergrncy contacts, etc. from MedIDs
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a range of complex neurodevelopment disorders, characterized by social impairments, communication
difficulties, and restricted, repetitive, and stereotyped patterns of behavior. Autistic disorder, sometimes called autism
or classical ASD, is the most severe form of ASD, while other conditions along the spectrum include a milder form known as
Asperger syndrome, and childhood disintegrative disorder and pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified (usually
referred to as PDD-NOS). Although ASD varies significantly in character and severity, it occurs in all ethnic and socioeconomic
groups and affects every age group. Experts estimate that six children out of every 1,000 will have an ASD. Males are four
times more likely to have an ASD than females.
What are some common signs of autism?
The hallmark feature of ASD is impaired social interaction. As early as infancy, a baby with ASD may be unresponsive to people
or focus intently on one item to the exclusion of others for long periods of time. A child with ASD may appear to develop
normally and then withdraw and become indifferent to social engagement.
Children with an ASD may fail to respond to their names and often avoid eye contact with other people. They have difficulty
interpreting what others are thinking or feeling because they can’t understand social cues, such as tone of voice or facial
expressions, and don’t watch other people’s faces for clues about appropriate behavior. They lack empathy.
Many children with an ASD engage in repetitive movements such as rocking and twirling, or in self-abusive behavior such as
biting or head-banging. They also tend to start speaking later than other children and may refer to themselves by name instead
of “I” or “me.” Children with an ASD don’t know how to play interactively with other children. Some speak in a sing-song
voice about a narrow range of favorite topics, with little regard for the interests of the person to whom they are speaking.
Children with characteristics of an ASD may have co-occurring conditions, including Fragile X syndrome (which causes mental
retardation), tuberous sclerosis, epileptic seizures, Tourette syndrome, learning disabilities, and attention deficit disorder.
About 20 to 30 percent of children with an ASD develop epilepsy by the time they reach adulthood. .